Source: (1999) Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee. COM (1999) 349 final. Brussels, 14 July. Downloaded 14 September 2005.

The number of persons traveling, living or studying in a country other than their own is increasing steadily. Every second European (53% or close to 200 million Union citizens) traveled on holiday in 1997. The student mobility in Europe comes close to 200,000 students per academic year. Although only a minority of all who travel within Europe will become victims of crime in any given year, those who do will have to avail themselves of the support of schemes available in the country where the offence took place. In compliance with the principle of subsidiarity, this Communication focuses only on the special problems of people falling victim of crime in a Member State other than their own, but the approach is equally relevant for domestic victims. Although the Commission will occasionally refer to victims as “European citizens” this will, where applicable, also include third country nationals who are legally residing in the European Union. (excerpt)

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