Source: (2005) London: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. Downloaded 29 April 2005.

From 4 April 2005, key aspects of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (the Act) will come into effect. The majority of the changes that it introduces will apply to adult offenders only. These include the introduction of a new community sentencing framework that removes the current range of adult community sentences, and replaces them with one generic Adult Community Order (ACO), alongside changes to existing adult custodial and suspended sentences. The Act also contains some key implications for young people who offend, the detail of which is covered in this guidance. This guidance should be read in conjunction with the Home Office Juvenile Offenders Unit briefing (to be issued by the Home Office shortly), which will provide an overview of the legislation itself. Despite initial fears to the contrary, all existing youth justice orders (now to be known as ‘youth community orders’ under the Act) will continue to be available to all young offenders, including 16 to 17-year-olds. This means that the Curfew Order, Exclusion Order (currently being piloted for juveniles in one area only), Attendance Centre Order, Action Plan Order and Supervision Order will remain community sentencing options for all young people who offend. Alongside this, the existing adult community sentences that currently apply to 16 to 17-year-olds – the Community Punishment Order (CPO), the Community Rehabilitation Order (CRO), the Community Punishment and Rehabilitation Order (CPRO) and the Drug Treatment and Testing Order (DTTO) – while no longer available to adults under the Act – will continue to be available to 16 to 17-year-olds until at least April 2007. The detail of this is discussed below. The Act also introduces two new custodial sentences, available for adults and young offenders – the Indeterminate Sentence for Public Protection and the Extended Sentence. The detail and implications of these new custodial sentences are also outlined in this document. (excerpt)

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