Source: (1998) NCDS Briefing Paper (May). Canberra: Australian National University, National Centre for Development StudiesExploring the prospects for criminal justice reform, Dinnen points to an increase in lawlessness and violence in many parts of Papua New Guinea (PNG). He sets this against the background of the current criminal justice system, inherited at independence in 1975 by PNG from its former colonial government. Both criminal justice and policing in PNG are characterized by retributive practices. In this context the author traces efforts – including strategies that are restorative in nature – to address problems of lawlessness and violence and reform the system.