Source: (2001) International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. 2958-2962.In this encyclopedia article, D. Gordon surveys recent developments and trends in criminal law and crime policy. As Gordon remarks, while forms and functions of criminal justice systems vary around the world, certain trends are identifiable. Information from around the world indicates similar patterns in both Western and non-Western nations, with some exceptions in Islamic states. In this regard, Gordon looks at the trend toward increasing punitiveness, policing and the public, and future crime policy issues.