Source: (1997) Paper presented at the Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice – Toward 2000 and Beyond conference. Adelaide, South Australia, 26-27 June. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.For a number of years, Western Australia has searched for new ways to respond to juvenile crime. Omaji examines these new measures, particularly initiatives relating to organizational structure and philosophy, punishment (including reparation), and reduction of offenses (targeting at-risk and recidivist young people). As for organizational and philosophical initiatives, he deals with implications of the transfer of the Youth Justice Bureau into a newly created Ministry of Justice, including the Ministry’s articulation of a philosophy for managing young offenders. With respect to penal initiatives, he covers recent legislation concerning young offenders, policies for policing in relation to juvenile crime, sentencing options, and a set of principles for juvenile justice. In terms of offense-reducing initiatives, Omaji surveys a number of preventive and diversionary measures in Western Australia.