Source: (2009) Brisbane: School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University.

The first Indigenous sentencing court was established in 1999 in South Australia, and as of mid-year 2008, about 40 adult courts are operating around Australia. A growing literature has mapped jurisdictional variation, analysed the courts’ processes and outcomes, and attempted to estimate differences in re-offending compared to conventional courts. This Report presents the first qualitative study of how Indigenous offenders view the court process and the role of Indigenous Elders, with reference to the Nowra Circle Court in New South Wales, established in 2002. (excerpt)