Source: (2012) Paper presented at Building a Worldwide Restorative Practices Learning Network. The 15th IIRP World Conference. Bethlehem, PA, 1-3 August 2012.The IIRP distinguishes between the terms restorative practices and restorative justice. We view restorative justice as a subset of restorative practices. Restorative justice is reactive, consisting of formal or informal responses to crime and other wrongdoing after it occurs. The IIRP’s definition of restorative practices also includes the use of informal and formal processes that precede wrongdoing, those that proactively build relationships and a sense of community to prevent conflict and wrongdoing.