Source: (1990) New York, NY: Springer-Verlag, 127p.

This study examines the perceptual mechanisms that link delinquency policy to deterrence of recidivism, and investigates why juveniles who have been exposed to numerous programs designed to reduce delinquency continue or discontinue their criminal activity. The general intent is to understand the decision processes through which experiences in the juvenile justice system affect perceptions and how these, in turn, influence criminal activity. Data were analyzed from a U.S. experiment to compare the effects of restitution versus traditional sanctions of probation and incarceration. Restitution and detention both had suppression effects but probation did not. Overall, the restitution programs produced an estimated decrease of 18 offenses per year for every 100 juveniles.