Source: (1996) In: B. Galaway and J. Hudson (eds.), Restorative Justice: International Perspectives. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 417-430.

The New Zealand Criminal Justice Act of 1985 introduced the sentence of reparation thus allowing compensation to be paid to victims of offenses. A further amendment in 1993 allows a court imposing a sentence to take into account any offer of compensation on behalf of the offender to the victim. The Criminal Justice Act of 1985 provided clear presumption in favor of reparation as a sentencing option but research undertaken in 1989 showed that reparation was poorly used. There has been some increase in the use of reparation ordered without a reparation report. Victim-offender mediation is very rare as is reparation in the form of service to victims.