Source: (1987) Discussion paper prepared by a working group of the National Associations Active in Criminal Justice (NAACJ) for a workshop on "New Directions in Criminal Justice", May 6-7, Ottawa, Ontario.The National Associations Active in Criminal Justice (NAACJ) is a coalition of national voluntary organizations in Canada who share an interest in issues related to criminal justice. In 1987 a working group of the NAACJ prepared this document for presentation and discussion at a workshop in May in Ottawa, Canada, on âNew Directions in Criminal Justice.â? Due at least in part to the federal governmentâs revision of criminal law, it was a time of significant ferment with respect to Canadian criminal justice. The paper explored an alternative approach to the pursuit of justice following a crime. It was tentatively referred to as âreconciliation,â? and it was seen as an approach that sought to build a stronger community in the wake of crime. This approach was examined in the paper by looking at the crux of the problem, inadequacies in a punitive approach, the nature of reconciliation, the question of justice, and possible ways to move toward a new and better approach to justice.