Source: (1989) Negotiation Journal 5(2):119-132.

This analysis of the settings in which alternative dispute resolution (ADR) programs have been established concludes that neither a completely centralized approach nor complete decentralization and autonomy of programs is the most desirable approach. Eighteen States have undertaken statewide initiatives to implement ADR programs. Models include the multi-door courthouse, the State office of mediation, the legislative council to define approaches and recommend legislation, offices within the judicial branch, executive commissions, and private networks and associations.