Source: (1992) In: H. Messmer and H.-U. Otto (eds.), Restorative Justice on Trial: Pitfalls and Potentials of Victim-Offender Mediation: International Research Perspectives. Dordrecht, NETH: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 279-290.This paper explores the recent history, development, implementation, results, and issues regarding juvenile diversion in the United States. The problem of net-widening is reviewed, and alternative intervention strategies are discussed. Finally, the role of mediation in juvenile justice reform is considered. Implications for policy makers are explored, and recommendations for the future are given.