Source: (2001) Paper presented at the sixth annual conference of the International Association of Prosecutors, held in Sydney, Australia, 2-7 September.

Johanna Pheils identifies two types of harm from drug use: adverse effects on the health of the user (health impact); and an increased rate of crime (criminal justice impact). Historically, these two issues have been dealt with separately – by the Department of Health and by the criminal justice system. The New South Wales Drug Court is a pilot program to address both issues in a complementary fashion through diversionary programs to break the cycle of dependency and criminal activity. Pheils discusses the legislation behind the drug court, criteria for referral to the court, and the operations of the treatment program.

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