Source: Australian Violence: Contemporary Perspectives II. Canberra : Australian Institute of Criminology.Sherman is developing defiance theory to explain the differing effect on domestic violence. Combining Braithwaite’s theory of reintegrative shaming with other theories of social behavior, Sherman builds a model in which those offenders with strong social bonds react well to arrest. At the same time, those with weak social bonds react badly. He points out that the manner in which the sanctions are delivered can produce these different responses. He proposes that conferencing models be explored in finding ways to fight recidivism.