Source: (2010) Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.

A diagram of the continuum of sanctions is shown in Figure 1. Moving from left to right—beginning with “Fines/Restitution”—each new sanction provides an increasing level of severity as well as a growing level of offender restriction. Prison is listed as the final option, which takes the offender out of the community. (Treatment options are also included in the continuum.) For example, an offender sentenced to regular probation with treatment would experience much less restriction than an offender sentenced to boot camp. Space does not allow all the components of community-based sanctions to be shown here. Below are brief descriptions of many of the sanctions frequently utilized by the courts.(excerpt) Restorative justice is included as one of the alternatives.

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