Source: (2007) Thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Laws. Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia.

This thesis revolves around the need to initiate restorative justice in Rwanda after its long history of genocide. Rwanda has experienced a series of armed conflicts and violations of human rights since the late 1950s. The most prominent and deadly crisis was the genocide that took place in April 1994. That year, thousands of Rwandans were murdered, mostly the country's ethnic Tutsi minority though those of the Hutu majority that did not support the killings were also targeted. This was the most rapid extermination campaign of the twentieth century. The Rwandan genocide raises many difficult but important questions: How did this happen? What kind of history could give rise to such violence? Why did other countries look the other way while this crisis continued for as long as three months? How can Rwanda rebuild? How can Rwandans reconcile? How can justice be served? These questions and many more have initiated the focus of this thesis on the search for a possible restorative approach and possibly lasting reconciliation in Rwanda. (Authors Abstract)