Source: (1997) Paper presented at the National Institute of Justice Annual Conference on Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation Plenary Panel.The author contends that neighborhood sanctioning as an alternative response to youth crime is taking hold throughout North America and the world. Yet, relatively little research is available that examines either the impact or implementation of these informal approaches. Using four community youth decisionmaking models as case examples, this paper attempts to define and categorize key dimensions of variation between youth sanctioning models. Three general categories of variation — accessibility, community justice, and restorative justice — are discussed. The goal of the paper is to develop dimensions of variation in approach and implementation which can guide practically and theoretically relevant research that is sensitive to the objectives of these local initiatives.