Source: (2002) Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. 3(2): 109-124.

Co-victims of homicide are a hidden and sparsely researched group whose needs, as crime victims, are neglected and subsumed by the state’s agenda for retributive justice. Likewise, their unique and distinct problems are given little consideration in the literature. This article appraises the relevance of the literature on trauma, bereavement, and meaning-making to this population; examines the research on covictims; and discusses the implications for research, practice, and policy. The review shows that trauma reactions are considered the major criterion of severity of victimization consequences. The emphasis on trauma, however, eclipses the significance of an invalidating social milieu and the efforts of covictims to regain their footing. (author's abstract).