Source: (2013) Conflict Resolution Quarterly. 31(2):189-218.

Although current research on restorative justice largely has overlooked facilitators’ roles in victim-off ender conferences, research on third parties suggests that they are more than neutral process guides. Th e study examined in this article involved an exploration of restorative justice facilitators’ backgrounds, perceived responsibilities, and ideal outcomes to arrive at a theory of facilitated justice rooted in facilitator orientation and conference context. Based on individual interviews with facilitators from two restorative justice organizations, the results of this study suggest the presence of four orientations rooted in participant orientation and outcome orientation. Th ese orientations lead to the development of a theory of facilitated justice. (author's abstract)