Source: (1997) Paper presented at the Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice – Toward 2000 and Beyond conference. Adelaide, South Australia, 26-27 June. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.Welch and Symonds present an overview of how the South Australian family conference team works with young aboriginal offenders. They begin with historical perspectives on barriers to aboriginal people’s use of mainstream social services. These barriers continue to affect aboriginal youth when they interact with the juvenile justice system. While the family conference process involves a more traditional process for aboriginal people, it is still critical to prepare the youth justice coordinator to deal well with potential cultural issues. Additionally, aboriginal youth justice coordinators often can function more sensitively and effectively in their conferencing role.