Source: (1997) From, Widening the Circle: Collaborative Research for Mental Health Promotion in Native Communities. Proceedings of the Conference "widening the Circle: Developing Partnerships for Aboriginal Mental Health. September 26-28,1997. Montreal, Quebec. Pp. 34-38.

According to Joan Pennell, efforts to reduce and stop domestic violence against children and women have been ineffective because of a fragmented and insensitive service approach. She asserts that family violence needs to be addressed in a way that promotes healing of the family and affirms the family’s cultural heritage. Such an approach can be seen in the Family Group Decision Making Projected tested in Newfoundland and Labrador. This project employs the family group conferencing model. Pennell provides an overview of the process and results of family group conferencing in three project sites in Newfoundland and Labrador.