Source: (1989) Canadian Journal of Criminology 31(1):1-18.

This review of 27 restitution program evaluations reports the following findings: (1) Restitution programs established to divert offenders from incarceration usually do not fulfill this mission; (2) Residential restitution programs experience a high proportion of in-program failures; (3) A high proportion of victims will participate in meetings with offenders; (4) About one-fourth of offenders ordered to pay restitution fail to satisfy the order. A restitution program model is proposed, and specific evaluation measures are identified.