Source: (2012) PEPPERDINE DISPUTE RESOLUTION LAW JOURNAL.12:135-158

"Across the nation, juvenile courts and corrections systems are littered with poorly conceived strategies that increase crime, endanger young people and damage their future prospects, waste billions of taxpayer dollars, and violate our deepest held principles about equal justice under the law. These problematic practices persist even as scholars, advocates, and hands-on juvenile justice practitioners have vastly expanded our understanding of what works (and what doesn't work) in combating delinquency over the past 20 years, as well as how to undertake effective system reform." (Excerpt)