Source: (1994) In: A. Duff, S. Marshall, R.E. Dobash, et. al. (eds.), Penal Theory and Practice: Tradition and Innovation in Criminal Justice. Fulbright Papers, volume 15. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, pp. 245-262

This article describes grassroots initiatives aimed at restorative justice in Great Britain. There is little the system can do to reduce crime, yet prison populations continue to rise. The benevolent cycle of informal social control is described. The danger in returning control to communities is discussed. Geographic perspectives of community are limiting. The management of society utilizing the roles of intermediate social structures in a collaborative way would be useful. Various attempts at community justice are considered, including those using conflict resolution principles. The role of mediation practices is discussed, and the design of a restorative justice system is described.