Source: (1998) Thesis submited to the Department of Classics for the degree of Master of Arts. Queen's University. Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Greek arbitration was developed out of the community's need to resolve conflict. Earlier schoiarship, however, has often used a legai fiarnework with which to explain its development. The tindings of previous scholarship have proven insigffil in regard to the mechanics of the ancient process. Earlier scholarship, however, has not given nifficient emphasis to the role of the community in the development of arbitration At its centre Greek arbitration was a survival mechanism. The Greek community, fiom the Homeric period forward, was constantly tfireatened by both intemal and external violence. In order to address these dangers, the communïty as a whole created a method designed to resolve confiict. Greek arbitration was an innovation because throughout the process the community was directly involved in the legitimisation of the process. The comrnunity itself developed arbitration. In order to illuminate this, a modem conflict resolution process, mediation-arbitratioo, is better able to cIanfy previously overlooked aspects of the process. (author's abstract)

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