Source: (2002) Saint Louis University Law Journal. 46: 431.According to David Sloss, the history of foreign policy by the United States can be characterized as a pendulum swinging between the extremes of moralistic idealism and amoral ârealpolitik.â? In this context, Sloss characterizes Harold Kohâs prescription for a twenty-first century human rights policy as âhard-nosed idealism.â? Kohâs perspective roots in four guiding principles: (1) telling the truth; (2) justice; (3) inside-outside engagement; and (4) preventing future human rights abuses. Sloss contends that Kohâs four principles have a common theme. That theme is the attempt to craft a middle way between moralistic idealism and amoral realpolitik. In general, Sloss endorses Kohâs hard-nosed idealism. At the same time Sloss highlights areas in which Kohâs application of his four principles to specific cases is problematic.