Source: (2003) Utah Law Review. 2003(1): 389-412. University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law. Downloaded 13 October 2003.

Citing an essay by Erik Luna, John Braithwaite observes that criminology is dominated by critiques of various theories of punishment. (In view of the critique dominance, Luna advocates a synthesis of different perspectives that is procedural.) Braithwaite, along with others, contrasts this “critique gameâ€? with a “believing gameâ€? wherein ideas can be played out for an extended period of research and development to determine what is good and what is not without destroying fertile ideas at inception. With restorative justice in mind, Braithwaite then argues for a balance between the believing game and the critique game. Hence, while thinking holistically is fundamental to restorative justice, Braithwaite urges alternating between thinking holistically and analytically to deal with questions of justice, proportionality, and atonement in restorative justice.

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