Source: (2009) Australia and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 2009: Conference Proceedings. Pg. 205-214.

This paper draws on recent research on temporary migrant labour and exploitation in regional Australia. It highlight concerns regarding the language and definition of ‘illegal’ labour, the impact of contradictory regulatory efforts and the complex mixture of entrepreneurialism and vulnerability that have been identified as features of globalisation ‘from below’. This paper also puts forward key concerns regarding the current shift internationally and in Australia to bridge the gap between the rhetoric of human trafficking and the regulatory emphasis on sex trafficking, to include trafficking into any industry. (Authors abstract)