Source: (1992) In: H. Messmer and H.-U. Otto (eds.), Restorative Justice on Trial: Pitfalls and Potentials of Victim-Offender Mediation: International Research Perspectives. Dordrecht, NETH: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 29-54.This article explains the existing legal rules in the FRG concerning restitution and victim-offender mediation in the fields of adult and juvenile penal law. Then new developments (in the 1980s) and the increased efforts to implement restitution and victim-offender mediation more effectively in criminal justice practice are dealt with. A large national mail survey carried out in spring 1990 is described in detail. About 2,500 institutions were asked with questionnaire methods whether or not they would approve of victim-offender mediation in their area of jurisdiction, whether or not victim-offender mediation was actually being practiced or projected, and whether or not the concrete office was already engaged in victim-offender mediation projects. Results are presented with tables and figures.