Source: (1996) In: J. Hudson, et al. (eds.), Family Group Conferences: Perspectives on Policy and Practice. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 140-151.This paper describes the development of care and protection family group conferences in Victoria Australia which began in 1992. The implementation and evaluation of the Mission of St. James & St. John's Pilot Project, the Department of Health and Community Services' Pilot Project, and a proposal to implement family group conferences at a women's prison for child placement decisions are described. The independence and neutrality of the facilitator and professionals' and families' resistance is discussed.