Source: (2014) Journal of National Law University, Delhi. 2: 145-166.

The incident ofDecember 16, 2012 sparked a significant social and legal debate regarding the laws of sexual offences as well as subjectingjuveniles to the criminal justice system. The Cabinet has proposed an amendment to the Juvenile Justice Act that would allowprosecution ofjuveniles between 16 and 18years for heinous crimes. This essay reflects on the history ofjuvenile justice and cautions against hasty reforms that would alienate and punish rather than assimilate and reform juveniles who may offend the law. (author's abstract)