Source: (2010) In, Sharanjeet Parmar, et. al, eds., Children and transitional justice: Truth-telling, accountability and reconciliation. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School. pp. 67-113.

Specifically, this chapter assesses the contribution of international courts in trying those who recruit and use child soldiers, highlights the need to consider other crimes committed against children and reviews the exclusion of children from the scope of international prosecutions. It emphasizes that while international courts have contributed to the understanding of how children have been victimized, much more remains to be done. The current focus on the recruitment and use of children associated with armed forces or groups should not detract from accountability for other crimes against children or from other child victims. Time and again, children are victims of genocide, enslavement, rape, exploitation and other grave crimes falling within the mandate of international courts. While these courts cannot prosecute each of these crimes, they can and should contribute to identifying the systematic, widespread or endemic patterns of criminality affecting children, during wars and also in times of peace. (excerpt)

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