Source: (2004) Special issue, "The Youth Criminal Justice Act," Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice/Revue canadienne de criminologie et de justice pénale. 46(3): 219-223.

This issue marks the first anniversary of the proclamation into force of the Youth Criminal Justice Act. The title of our Introduction emulates that of an article by Nicholas Bala (1986) on the then-new Young Offenders Act. When the YOA was proclaimed in April 1984, it was widely heralded as ushering in a “new era,â€? or even a “revolution,â€? in Canadian juvenile justice (Corrado and Markwart 1992; Leschied, Jaffe, and Willis 1991), although, as the interrogative title of Professor Bala’s article suggested expectations were mixed. Implementation of the YOA was expected to sweep a way many paternalistic and increasingly archaic practices and attitudes that had accumulated during almost 80 years under the Juvenile Delinquents Act. (excerpt)