Source: (2003) Paper presented at the Heinrich Böll Foundation Gender Forum in Nairobi Safari Club, Kenya, 30th October. Downloaded 20 May 2004.

Ruth Kibiti begins this paper by observing that discussions on truth, reconciliation, and justice have proliferated in academic circles and human rights organizations in the last fifteen years. Much of the discussion has arisen because of human rights violations, struggles for independence, and questions of governance in Africa. Transitions from situations of human rights violations in countries toward new states and societies have necessitated reconciliation processes in pursuit of some form of unity in nations and societies. In this framework, Kibiti asks whether reconciliation is justice. Through her exploration of this question, she argues that reconciliation, truth, peace, and justice share a common relationship whereby one cannot be achieved without the others.

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