Source: (2009) Washington University Global Studies Law Review. 8:213-221.

To answer the question, Haley focused on what he saw as the integrative, "restorative" potential of the Japanese criminal justice system. Police, prosecutors, and judges all pushed defendants to confess. They encouraged defendants to do what they could to compensate their victims. They urged a defendant's family to take responsibility for his behavior. They "actively involve[d] the community in the law enforcement process. Ultimately, argued Haley, they integrated criminals back into the social networks they had so forcefully rejected. (excerpt)