Source: (2001) In Reconciliation, Justice, and Coexistence: Theory & Practice, ed. Mohammed Abu-Nimer, pp. 311-337. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.

Lambourne describes postconflict peacebuilding as a set of strategies to promote a secure stable lasting peace, where the basic human needs of the population are met and violent conflicts do not recur. Peacebuilding must address the underlying causes of conflict as well as the surface manifestations (such as military culture, arms proliferation). Until recently, the international community attended more to ending conflicts than to pursuing and nurturing the postconflict conditions for peace. However, that is changing; attention to mechanisms for enduring justice, reconciliation, and healing is increasing. In light of all of this, Lambourne examines the concepts of justice, reconciliation, and coexistence. She then explores the relevance of these ideas to the genocidal conflicts and postconflict conditions in Cambodia and Rwanda.