Source: (2006) In Naomi Roht-Arriaza and Javier Mariezcurrena, Ed., Transitional Justice in the Twenty-First Century, Beyond Truth versus Justice. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. Pg. 206-228.

"The purpose of this paper is to assess the gacaca process as a response to mass atrocity with particular attention to relevant human rights issues and logistical and political considerations. To support my analysis, I draw extensively on research conducted under the auspices of the Human Rights Center of the University of California, Berkeley. As part of a wide-ranging study of the process of social reconstruction in Rwanda, we have conducted an extended qualitative analysis of three local communities in Butare, Byumba, and Kibuye provinces, including observation of gacaca trials; a survey of over 2,091 individuals in four Rwandan communes; and interviews with numerous individuals. Based upon this research, I contend that despite some human rights, political, and logistical concerns, gacaca has the potential to make an important contribution to the fight against impunity and the search for reconciliation in Rwanda. The ultimate success or failure lies primarily in the will of the public to make the process work, whatever structural and political constraints it confronts." (excerpt)