Source: (2008) Seminar, Brussels, 13-14 May 2008. Confernece Report. Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior (FRIDE).While significant advances have been achieved in global women’s rights law, many experts point to the shortcomings in national penal codes, and the challenges faced by the victims of sexual crimes. A key area of concern is complementarity between international and national jurisprudence. What can women do when national legal codes are in conflict with international norms? What happens when sexual crimes have been perpetrated before legal reform? Judicial procedures can have a direct influence on women’s participation in judicial processes and the protection of victims and witnesses of sexual crimes is paramount. Another vital issue is the training and sensitisation of legal actors to ensure due process and access to justice for women victims. (excerpt) -- The discussion also covers issues of reparation; while case studies include some restorative elements.