Source: (2006) In Anthony J. W. Taylor, ed., Justice as a Basic Human Need. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Pp. 135-157.

"The continuing and widespread use of torture by governments and agencies is a matter of growing clinical, humanitarian, political, and social concern. The practice is defined, put in historical and social context, and presented as a process with sequential phases outlined from direct clinical experience with survivors. Attention is paid to the long lasting cognitive and emotional effects of torture, as well as to testimony therapy and elements of a restorative model of intervention that have been found helpful in easing the burden of survivors. Underlying the whole deplorable phenomenon is the neglect of justice as a basic human need." (excerpt)