Source: (2002) In, Nicholas Bala, et. al., eds. Juvenile Justice Systems: An International Comparison of Problems and Solutions. Pp. 19-41..

In Canada, the federal government enacts criminal laws and procedures, including juvenile justice laws and procedures, and the provincial and territorial governments administer juvenile justice laws and the operation of the juvenile court and corrections system. Therefore, according to the authors of this essay, juvenile justice policy requires intergovernmental cooperation yet it also inevitably involves a certain amount of tension. In this context, the authors provide a profile of Canada, sketch major trends in the history of juvenile justice legislation in Canada, identify social policy issues related to children and youth, survey trends in juvenile offending in Canada, and explain the Canadian juvenile justice system.