Source: (1999) Trends & Issues Update 1(2): 1-4.

Illinois has adopted the Juvenile Justice Reform Act of 1998, an act that incorporates the philosophy of balanced and restorative justice as its guiding principle. The act attempts to balance three broad concepts in juvenile justice: (1) hold each offender accountable for his or her conduct; (2) have a mechanism in place that allows juvenile justice professionals to intervene early in an offender’s career; and (3) increase the participation of the community in the juvenile justice process, including victims. The act also identifies what persons are considered juvenile authorities and articulates the rights of crime victims.