Source: (1994) European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 2(2), complete issue, 92p.

These seven papers focus on the goals and operations of juvenile justice systems in the United States, England, Belgium, and the Netherlands, with emphasis on the shift from juvenile rehabilitation to retribution and its implications for juvenile justice. A paper on the United States juvenile justice system notes that both deterrence and treatment lack effectiveness and that other countries should not copy any part of the system. A British author argues that crime prevention offers more opportunities to address juvenile delinquency more effectively. A Belgian author points out that the combined welfare and rehabilitative approach to juvenile delinquency has not really fulfilled its promise and that the concept of restorative justice might well be the solution.