Source: (1997) Paper presented at the Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice – Toward 2000 and Beyond conference. Adelaide, South Australia, 26-27 June. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.In this essay Buttrum investigates the factors and influences that shape policy on juvenile justice. Part of his purpose is to identify how policy is flawed by political expediency and reflexive, short-term responses to perceived problems. He begins by looking at community perceptions about youth crime, and political hysteria and the shaping of juvenile justice policy. In contrast, he then proposes a systemic approach to juvenile justice, including key components of effective young offender programs.