Source: (2004) The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology. 37(supplement): 52-66.This paper describes the laws designed especially for the purposes of protecting juveniles and preventing delinquency in China. The Juvenile Protection Law 1991 and Preventing Juvenile Delinquency Law 1999 have defined the duties, responsibilities and authorities which by law parents or guardians of a juvenile have in relation to the welfare, right of education and juvenile justice. This paper discusses the changes of juvenile justice in relation to the enactment of the new laws. In particular, the author relates the new prevention law to the existing Chinese model of delinquency control and how the new law affects this model. It is found that with the promulgation of new prevention law, there is a shift from an informal to a more formal direction of delinquency control where there may be an increase of custodial outcomes for juvenile delinquents. Author's abstract.