Source: (2013) Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy. 20(2):273-395.

In reaching this conclusion, this Note will first provide a brief overview of the juvenile justice system's historical mission and its subsequent abandonment of its charge to rehabilitate young people. It will then discuss the consequences of the system's focus on punishment instead of rehabilitation, most notably in the form of high recidivism rates that disproportionately affect communities of color. Part two of the Note will discuss in more detail why the system is currently failing. It contends that a misallocation of resources away from wrap-around services and towards law-and-order focused punishment has doomed the system to failure. In addition, the juvenile justice system lacks the types of multi-systemic partnerships and coordination that would better transition young people from system involvement back into their communities. Finally, this Note introduces a series of suggested reforms, drawing from best practices throughout the country. These systemic changes will address the three possible stages of a youth's system involvement: the period immediately following arrest, detention, and transition back into the community. (excerpt)