Source: (1989) In: M. Wright and B. Galaway (eds.), Mediation and Criminal Justice: Victims, Offenders and Community. London, UK: Sage Publications, pp. 152-177.The concept of reparation and conflict-resolving victim/offender mediation has made significant advances over the past few years, encouraged by a generally more focused recognition, especially in West Germany, of victims' needs, of their unsatisfactory position within the criminal justice system, and of the practical possibilities of victim/offender mediation. This chapter looks at the scope for victim/offender mediation under existing criminal law, opportunities within justice-based social services, and in the final section, provides examples of active projects in the Federal Republic of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.