Source: (2004) In Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov, ed., From conflict resolution to reconciliation. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 125-148.This chapter discusses the role of national political leadership in reconciliation. The examples of Germany-France, Germany-Israel, and Spain are used as historical case studies in the analysis of top-down leadership. The authors provide and explain an analytical mapping sentence that draws on leadership theory and social psychological literature. One of its components utilizes the four components of transformational leadership behaviour outlined by Bass (1997): idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration. These are illustrated in the examples of De Gaulle, Ben-Gurion, Juan Carlos, and Adenauer. The authors also examine the relationship between reconciliation and leadership with regard to the bases of social power and processes of change in the three cases.