Source: (2010) In, Melinda Gyokos and Krisztina Lanyi, eds., European best practices of restorative justice in criminal Procedure. Budapest: Ministry of Justice and Law Enforcement, Republic of Hungary.pp. 125-129.

"Tater-Opfer-Ausgleich" (TOA) is the quasi-official German term for restorative justice and victim offender mediation. TOA is on the one hand a practical concept developed by a grassroots movement and the reform effected by it on the criminal justice system and on the the other had a legal term defined in Section 46a of the German Criminal Code and Section 10 subsection 7 of the Juvenile Criminal Court Act. These two aspects have to be kept in mind when discussing restorative justice and TOA. (excerpt)