Source: In Rough guide to sentencing. London: Payback. Downloaded 5 November 2003.

Payback was a voluntary organization which ran a four-year campaign from 1999 to 2002 in England to increase understanding and use of community sentences for non-violent offenders. The orientation was toward sentences that pay back victims and communities – for example, reparation, community service, and compensation. Payback produced an online guide to sentencing issues. This part of the guide summarizes alternative sentencing practices in countries other than England – practices that the members of Payback considered adaptable for use in England. The following practices are covered in this section: traditional and informal justice systems in Africa, South Asia, and the Caribbean; community service in Zimbabwe; and citizens’ reparative boards in Vermont (USA).

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