Source: (2002) Journal of Peacebuilding and Development. 1(1): 85-97.

In the 1990s, many universities in Europe and North America instituted peacemaking programs. During the same period, humanitarian aid agencies were wrestling with issues related to relief and development in areas of need and conflict. Duane Ruth-Heffelbower, writing out of his experience as a practitioner in conflict resolution, looks at the spheres of conflict resolution and of relief and development to see how each can illuminate and learn from the other. In particular, he builds on the notion of identifying and dealing with social “dividers�? and “connectors�? – that is, local capacities for conflict, and local capacities for peace – when providing assistance and seeking to resolve conflict in a given situation. Heffel-bower applies these ideas to conflict in Indonesia.